Indicators of Influence

These seven key indicators highlight interference from the tobacco industry in Ethiopia.

No. 1

Industry participation in policy development:

The Government of Ethiopia does not accept, support or endorse any offer for assistance by or in collaboration with the tobacco industry in setting or implementing public health policies relating to tobacco control. However, the agreement with Japan Tobacco International (JTI), majority shareholder of the National Tobacco Enterprise (NTE), during privatization allows commenting before any tobacco-related law is processed. Due to this, the tobacco industry was able to exert pressure on public health laws, particularly the recent excise tax law.

Ethiopia’s delegation to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Conference of the Parties (COP) meetings and the National Tobacco Coordination Committee does not include any representatives from the tobacco industry.

No. 2

Tobacco industry-related CSR activities:

Government officials do not endorse, accept or participate in tobacco-related CSR activities. However, in 2019, NTE, still part-owned by the government, participated in Go Green, the green legacy national environmental campaign scheme officially launched by Ethiopia’s Prime Minister.

No. 3

Benefits given to the tobacco industry:

Government officials showed their strong support for the success of JTI in Ethiopia. The Ministry of Revenue and the Prime Minister’s Office have given a platinum recognition award to the NTE for being a loyal and high taxpayer.

State minister of the Ministry of Finance, Dr. Eyob Tekalegn, referred to the high illicit trade (above 40%) figure that was produced by the NTE as a reason not to impose the required amount of excise tax. This further showed the tobacco industry is using illicit trade as an excuse and was able to persuade the government and weaken tobacco taxation. As a result, a low excise tax has been imposed by newly legislated excise tax proclamation No 1186/2020.

No. 4

Unnecessary interaction with the tobacco industry:

Proclamation 1112/2019 forbids the government from accepting any assistance from the tobacco industry on any enforcement activities or entering into any partnership with it. However, the Custom Commission, under the Ministry of Revenue, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the NTE/JTI to fight illicit trade in June 2019. Using this advantage, the NTE is aggressively promoting its product in the eastern part of the country where illicit trade is assumed to be higher, using a display frame with a sign that depicts a list of NTE products, to fight contraband products. The government is inadvertently now involved in this promotion.

No. 5

Procedure for transparency measures:

Article 51 of Proclamation 1112/2019 set out the procedure for all interaction between public officials and the NTE:

a. Interaction between any government branch responsible for the adoption of public health policy and the tobacco industry shall be limited to only those strictly necessary for effective regulation of the tobacco industry or tobacco products.

b. Any interaction made in accordance with sub-article (1) of this article, and whenever the tobacco industry contacts the government to initiate an interaction of any kind, the appropriate government officials shall ensure full transparency of the interaction and of the contact, and it shall be appropriately documented.

No. 6

Avoiding conflicts of interest:

The underdevelopment of tobacco control directives that emanate from Proclamation 1112/2019 require that any affiliation to the tobacco industry by a member of the tobacco control board must be declared for purposes of determining any potential conflict of interest.

No. 7

Preventive measures:

The Ethiopian government has a national tobacco control coordination committee that strives to realize the multi-sectoral response, under the auspice of the Ethiopian Food, Medicine and Healthcare Administration Control Authority (EFMHACA). The committee is comprised of potential stakeholders from different sectors with clear and defined roles and responsibilities. The involvement of these stakeholders is a critical milestone in institutionalizing and mainstreaming all tobacco control efforts in their respective institutions. Therefore, it shall set a code of conduct prescribing standards for any public officer, including service providers, contractors and consultants involved in setting or implementing public health policies for tobacco control.


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Frequently Asked Questions.

Malaria is a disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected Anopheles

Yes, but it should not be. It is a curable disease. It is is a killer disease if the patient could not go
immediately the symptoms are manifested.

A tourist travelling to malarious areas is advised to take protective drugs before, during and after
their trip. The drugs should be ordered by the physicians.

Mss Maria Abdulkadir, the Wife of the Hon. Dr Abere Mihretie, when they were discussing on
the devastating Malaria burden, Maria did not like her husband blames the government for doing
nothing. Instead, she asked him what he did to his people. He immediately thought of doing
something. He then started meeting with friends and relative. We can thus call the initiators are
Maria and Abere.

In the last week of June 1998, Abere Mihretie met with Dr Yilkal Adamu, Mr Esayaas Tesfaw,
Dr Ayana Yeneabat, Mr Yigremew Adal, Mr Mekonnen Gebeyehu, Ato Mahtsentu Feleke, Mr
Getaneh Anteneh and share with them the idea of doing something to curb the epidemic and stop
killing people. So these people are the founders of Anti Malaria Association.

HDAMA has been first established following its driving idea to curb malaria epidemic. So its
established name was Anti Malaria Association (AMA). This name has been widely known.

AMA started following an integrated approach. As its focus was communicable diseases, it took
Malaria prevention and control, HIV/AIDS prevention and control, Environmental Health and
Orphan Vulnerable children care and support. Raising fund from local resources came a big
problem. Forced to look for international donors, started submitting proposals. The name did not
go with its focus areas. Completely changing the name was not accepted by the members.
Putting Health and Development as a prefix, came an appropriate major.

The first name Anti Malaria Association has been given by Dr Ayana Yeneabat and the prefix by
Hon, Dr Abere Mihretie

As it is a membership based Association, an Executive board is mandatory. The first three-year
structure had fully voluntary 14 Executive Board and 7 executive committee members. The
Executive Board members were
1. Mr Abraham Workneh (chairperson)
2. Dr Desta ALamairew
3. Dr Shibabaw Yimenu
4. Dr Bayou Chanie
5. Dr Abraham Asnake
6. Mr Mahtsentu Feleke
7. Mr Mekonnen Workie
8. Mr Shibabaw Wolle
9. Mr Simachew Mekonnen
10. Mr Ayalew Melesse
11. Mr Dilnesaw Zewdie
12. Mr Gashie Hibstie
13. Mr Tsega Kumlachew
14. Mr Getachew Desta
The Exectuve members were
1. Hon, Dr Abere Mihretie (chairperson)
2. Mr Getaneh Anteneh
3. Mr Essayas Tesfaw
4. Sister Lemlem Belay
5. Mr Tenaw Andualem
6. Dr Ayana Yeneabat
7. Mr Mekonnen Gebeyehu

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Among the huge achievements in the 22 years journey, the following are the best ones
1. Malaria
a. Identifying the problem of the devastating malaria problem and take the proper
b. Saving over 180,000 estimated lives
c. Creating a new approach to prevent and control malaria by involving the
d. Community conversation
e. School Peer education
f. Community based approach
a. Sex workers peer education program
b. School peer education program
c. Industry workers peer education program

d. OVC care and support
3. Environmental health
a. Clean water provisions
b. Foot bridge constructions
c. Pit latrine constructions
d. Biogas constructions
4. Girls education support
5. Youth center and library constructions

It is in Ethiopia. The fund and the donors interest can limit the specific implementation areas.
HDAMA has been implementing different project in whole regions of Ethiopian like Malaria
awareness program, Climate and Health, Swim for Malaria and Guinee Warm. Orphans support
are in Amhara and Addis Ababa. Malaria SBCC, and SRH projects